Water Cycle

A Quick Summary of the Water Cycle

The water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, is the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the Earth. Even though the concept of the water cycle applies universally, here is a version specifically tailored to residents of Cumming, Georgia:

  1. Evaporation: With Georgia’s warm climate, water from the Chattahoochee River, Lake Lanier, and other local bodies of water, as well as moisture in the soil, evaporates or turns from a liquid into a gas and rises into the air.
  2. Transpiration: In addition to evaporation, plants also contribute to this process by releasing water vapor through small pores in their leaves in a process called transpiration.
  3. Condensation: As the water vapor rises and cools, it condenses to form clouds. This is often visible in Cumming, Georgia, as white, fluffy clouds in the sky.
  4. Precipitation: When the cloud particles become too heavy, they fall to the earth as precipitation. This is often in the form of rain in Cumming, Georgia, but can occasionally be in the form of snow or ice during the winter months.
  5. Runoff and Infiltration: The water that reaches the ground either runs off into local bodies of water – feeding into the Chattahoochee River and eventually the Gulf of Mexico – or it infiltrates into the soil, replenishing groundwater supplies.
  6. Collection: Finally, water collects in the Chattahoochee River, Lake Lanier, and other bodies of water, ready to begin the cycle once again.

Thus, the water cycle continues, playing a vital role in Cumming’s climate, ecosystem, and water supply. Understanding this process is key to appreciating and conserving our precious water resources.